Comprehensive

Umrah Guide

 

Introduction to Umrah – The Importance of Performing Umrah

Umrah holds a special value and rewards in Islam that provide spiritual purity to every Muslim who performs it. However, unlike Hajj it is not an obligation for a person, it is actually Sunnat-e-Muwaqada (highly recommended). Umrah was performed by Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) twice in his lifetime.

Umrah resembles Hajj on many levels and is often called “minor Hajj”. In fact, a pilgrim needs to perform Umrah before starting the rituals for Hajj but it can be performed anytime during the year. There are innumerable virtues of doing Umrah correctly.

The Prophet (pbuh) said, “The accepted Hajj & Umrah has no other rewards, except Paradise.” He further said, “Umrah is expiation for the sins committed between it and the next, and Hajj, which is accepted will receive no other reward than Paradise.”

Umrah is an act of spiritual purity for a Muslim who wants to perform it to earn the pleasure of Allah (SWT). It is a way to purify mind and soul, and provides inspiration of a lifetime. Allah (SWT) gives a reward for every good deed performed in his way and when a believer spends his time and wealth for His sake, He saves him from mishap and misery. Blessings of performing Umrah are immense.

According to a Hadith narrated by Ibn Abbas (RA), Allah’s Messenger (pbuh) said,

“Perform Hajj and Umrah consecutively; for they remove poverty and sin as bellows removes impurity from iron.”

One of the other benefits of performing Umrah is that a pilgrim also gets a chance to visit Madinah- the city of our beloved Prophet (pbuh), and do ziyarat of all the places related to Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and his companions including Mosque Quba, Masjid-e-Nabawi and Jannat-ul-Baqi.

Now that you have made up your mind to perform Umrah, you should acknowledge the nature of the blessings that Allah has bestowed upon you and how fortunate you are to be called to the House of Allah. Be grateful for the opportunity that occurred in time and you are able to afford it.

Umrah Guide

Kinds of Umrah

What are the Different Methods/Forms of Performing Umrah?

Umrah is a lesser form of Hajj that is not obligatory on an individual but a preferred Sunnah. It is a beautiful form of worship that takes you closer to Allah. If you get a chance to go for Umrah & perform the Umrah rituals, acknowledge the fact that it is a great blessing that the Almighty has bestowed upon you. Umrah was performed twice by Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) in his lifetime. It is a spiritual journey which has many rewards in this life and the Hereafter.

There are two types of Umrah:

Umrah-ul-Mufradah: This form of Umrah is performed all throughout the year except in the days of Hajj. It is independent of Hajj and performed any time of the year.
Umrah-ul-Tamattu: This form of Umrah is performed in conjunction with Hajj during the time of Hajj but before the commencement of Hajj rituals i.e. before 8th Dhul Hijjah.

Note: There is no difference in the procedure of the two kinds of Umrah pilgrimage. In both Umrah-ul-Mufradah and Umrah-ul-Tamattu, it is obligatory to assume Ihram at the Meeqat. If a person is in Makkah and intends to perform Umrah-ul-Mufradah, it is permissible for him to come out of Haram to assume Ihram and not move to meeqat. He can wear Ihram at Hudaybiyyah, Ja’ranah or Tan’eem.

Obligatory Duties In Umrah

Obligations and Important Acts of Hajj

There are four important rites of Umrah out of which two are Fard (obligatory) and two Wajibat (essential). These compulsory acts in Umrah are as follows:

1. To assume Ihram at Meeqat which is accomplished after a person recites Talbiyah with the intention of Umrah [Fard]2. To perform Tawaf [Fard]3. To perform Sa’ey between the hills of Safa and Marwah [Wajibat]4. Have the head shaved (for men) or hair cut short (for women) [Wajibat]

 

Umrah Procedure

How to Perform Umrah? The Basic Umrah Procedure to be Kept in Mind by First-Timers.

If you are planning to go to Makkah to perform Umrah, this is your simple Umrah guide to help you understand how to do Umrah and perform the rituals during the pilgrimage.

Step by Step guide to Umrah

Preparing for Umrah:

Hygiene and cleanliness are the most important things while preparing for Umrah. Before embarking on this sacred journey, pilgrims must take bath (ghusl) after properly trimming the nails and shaving hair from private parts. Male pilgrims should also trim their moustache. Women are allowed to wear Henna and some jewellery but it is better to stay away from such superficialities. After completing the purification of body, you must offer 2 Raka’t nafl prayers before assuming Ihram.

Reaching Meeqat and Assuming Ihram:

Ihram is more than just a dressing, it is to enter into a state in which certain halal things are prohibited after forming niyyah (intention) such as wearing stitched clothes (for men), using perfume, haircut etc. Every male and female pilgrim must assume Ihram before reaching Meeqat (stations for assuming Ihram). Male pilgrims are required to wear the two unstitched white sheets whereas women can wear simple stitched clothes. Now you can declare your intention for Umrah by reciting:

اَللَّهُمَّ نَوَيْتُ الْعُمْرَة وَاحْرَمْتُ بِه فَتَقَبَّلْه‘ مِنِّیْ

(O Allah! I intend to perform Umrah. Make it easy for me and accept it from me.)

It is difficult to change into Ihram on the flight. Pilgrims travelling to Makkah from other countries should wear it from their departing airports. However, you must declare the intention after reaching Meeqat. After reaching Rabigh which is a Meeqat for pilgrims arriving from the UK, you must state your intention by reciting the following dua:

اَللَّهُمَّ اِنِّیْ اُرِيْدُ الْعُمْرَة فَيَسِّرْهَالِیْ وَتَقَبَّلْهَا مِنِّیْ وَاَعِنِّیْ عَلَيْهَا وَبَارِکْ لِیْ فِيْهَا نَوَيْتُ الْعُمْرَة وَاَحْرَمْتُ بِهَا ِﷲِ تَعَالٰی

After reciting this prayer, you have assumed the state of Ihram which will remain so till the end of your Umrah. Your intention of performing Umrah should be pure only for the sake of Allah and not because of a desire to impress others. You must not miss your regular prayers (five times a day).

It must be noted that King Abdulaziz International Airport is not the Meeqat and pilgrims should not make the mistake of assuming Ihram at the airport. Ignorance on the part of pilgrims may result in the penalty of Dam. An animal should be sacrificed as a penalty if pilgrims make the mistake of assuming Ihram at the airport. Only the natives of Jeddah can officially start their Umrah from here. Follow the previous dua with the Talbiyah which is an announcement of the previous declaration.

لَبَّيْکَ اَللَّهُمَّ لَبَّيْکَ، لَبَّيْکَ لاَ شَرِيْکَ لَکَ لَبَّيْکَ، اِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَة لَکَ وَالْمُلْکَ، لاَ شَرِيْکَ لَکَ-

(Labbaik Allahumma Labbaik)

Men are required to recite the Talbiyah loud whereas women can say it with low voice. Talbiyah should be recited three times with utmost respect and often repeated during the Umrah. Also, it is the best to memorize dua for Umrah with their translations before leaving for the journey.

On witnessing Kaa’ba for the first time:

Enter Masjid Al Haram with your right foot and recite the following dua:
اللَّهُمَّ صَلِّ عَلَى مُحَمَّدٍ وسلم, اللَّهُمَّ افْتَحْ لِي أَبْوَابَ رَحْمَتِكَ
(In the name of Allah and Salat and Salam upon Rasulullah .O Allah! Open to me the gates of Your Mercy)
Take the moment to savor the sight of the Kaabah and its magnificence when your first gaze falls upon it. Be grateful to Allah (SWT) for the opportunity and say aloud three times in a row:
الله أكبر لا إله الا الله
This is a special moment when it is likely for prayers to be accepted so make dua and ask Allah for anything that your heart desires.

Performing Tawaf or circumambulation of the Kaaba:

The Tawaf must be performed in the state of wudu. Before starting with Tawaf, make a slight change in the top piece of Ihram (male pilgrims only). Cover the left shoulder with one end of the Ihram and pass the other end under the right arm so that your right arm and shoulder is bared and left shoulder covered. This is called Idtiba. Now, proceed to the Hajr-e-Aswad, (the black stone) while reciting the talbiyah. The starting point of your Tawaf should be the brown line that runs from the Hajr-e-Aswad till the end of the Mataf (an open area for Tawaf). Stand facing the Kaabah with brown line on your right. Stop reciting talbiyah and make your intention:

“O’ Allah I intend performing Tawaf of your sacred house, (seven rounds) So make my Tawaf easy for me and O’ Allah accept it from me.”

Now stand on the brown line and facing the Hajr-e-Aswad with your face and chest in line with the black stone. Raise both hands as in Salah and recite the following:

“Bismilah allahu akbar, la ilaha illallah was lillahil hamd”

(In the name of Allah – Allah is the greatest. There is none worthy of worship besides Allah and all praise belongs to Allah)

Now, proceed towards the Hajr-e-Aswad and kiss it without harming anyone. If it is too crowded and you are unable to kiss the black stone, stretch your arms with the palms facing the Hajr-e-Aswad and recite, BISMILLAHI ALLAHU-AKBAR then kiss your palms as a substitute. To kiss or touch Hajr-e-Aswad is called Istilam.

Your Tawaf formally begins from here. Male pilgrims are required to perform the first three rounds of Tawaf at a brisk pace with the chest out (this is called ramal ) the last four rounds are to be performed at a normal walking pace. The Hatim (a low, half circle shaped marble wall close to the Ka’bah) has to be encircled as well or your Tawaf will be incomplete. Every time you circle the Kaabah, you should touch the rukn-e-Yemani (the Yemani corner) with your right hand, it is mustahab. Do not kiss it or place your forehead against it. If you are unable to touch it, move on with your Tawaf. Every time you reach the Hajr-e-Aswad perform Istilam. Complete the seven rounds in this manner.

After completing the Tawaf, make dua in soft voice. It is better to make dua in a language that you understand. There is no fixed dua for each round. You can recite any dua that you remember. The most recited dua by Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) and Sahabas to be recited between Rukn-e-Yamani and Hajr-e-Aswad was,

“Rabbana Aatina fiddunya Hasanah wa fil akhirathi hasanah wa qina azaban naar”

(Our lord! grant us good in the world and in the hereafter and save us from the fire of Hell)

Go to Multazam and make dua at your heart’s desire. The area between the door of the Kaaba and Hajr-e-Aswad is called Multazam. Prayers made at this point are likely to be accepted. Seek forgiveness from Allah (SWT).

Praying at Maqam-e-Ibrahim:

Afterward, move to Maqam-e-Ibrahim to offer 2 raka’t nafl salah if it’s not makrooh time. These two raka’t are wajib salah and the recommended Surahs are Al-Kafiroon and Al-Ikhlaas.

Zamzam Well

Move to the well of zamzam after performing the Salah at Maqam-e-Ibrahim. Drink zamzam to your fill and pour some over your head. Zamzam water purifies the body and soul. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) would say the following dua before drinking zamzam:

“O’ Allah I am asking you for beneficial knowledge and extensive sustenance and a cure from all ills”

The zamzam well has been closed to the public now. You will see water coolers placed side by side in long rows. Pilgrims move to these water coolers to drink zamzam after their Tawaf.

Performing Saa’ee:

Performing saa’ee is an obligatory ritual in Umrah which can be performed only after completing Tawaf. There is no saa’ee without Tawaf or before it. Saa’ee begins from Safa and comprises of seven rounds between the hills of Safa and Marwa. When a pilgrim reaches the point marked with green pillar, he should start running with medium pace and then again resume the normal pace. This is called Ramal. Only men are required to perform Ramal. Women should walk with their usual pace.

Ascend the Safa and before starting Saa’ey make the intention by facing the Kaaba and reciting the following:

(O Allah! I intend to make seven rounds of Sa’ey between Safa and Marwah, for Your pleasure. Make it easy for me and accept it.)

Thereafter raise both arms whilst facing the Qibla and make a high-sounding call three times in a row:

اللّهُ أكبر, اللّهُ أكبر, اللّهُ أكبر

Pray to Allah as much as you can and make dua. This is the place for it. Ascend the Marwa Hill next. After reaching the Marwa Top, face the Kaaba and lift your hands to resound the call again three times:

اللّهُ أكبر, اللّهُ أكبر, اللّهُ أكبر

Complete the seven circuits in this way and end your Saa’ee at Safa – Marwa. After completing Saa’ee, it is recommended to perform 2 raka’t nafl prayers at Masjid-ul-Haram.

To finish the Umrah, men must shave their heads while women are required to merely cut their hair an inch shorter. Shaving or clipping of hair must be performed in the precincts of Haram. Now you can exit the state of Ihram and there is no more restriction.

Umrah Mubarak:

The entire stay in Makkah along with ziyarat of the Islamic sites like Masjid an-Nabawi, the Quba Mosque, Mount Uhud and Jannat-Al-Baqi allow for some of the most enthralling experiences. Always remember your worship of Allah is a direct reflection of your intention and it must remain pure. Do not engage in idle chitchat. Try to concentrate and devote your time in the remembrance of Allah.

Note: It is recommended to consult and seek an opinion from scholars on doubtful Islamic matters.

Meeqats

What are the Five Meeqat Locations for Umrah? When and Where to Assume Ihram?

Meeqats are prescribed stations for assuming the state of Ihram as set for Muslims by Prophet Mohammed (pbuh) on all the four sides of Makkah. There are separate places of Ihram stations for Umrah/Hajj for people travelling from different parts of the world. These locations of Meeqat for Umrah /Hajj are as follows:

1. Al- Juhfah or Rabegh (For the people coming from Egypt, Syria, or the West)
2. Dhul-Hulaifah or Abyar Ali (For the people coming from Madinah)
3. Dhatul-Irq (For the people coming from Iraq)
4. Qarn-Al-Manazel (For the people coming from Najd and Taif)
5. Yalumlum (For the people coming from India, Pakistan and Yemen by Sea)

When to wear Ihram

For pilgrims traveling by Air: From UK/ Europe:

Pilgrims traveling by air are required to wear Ihram before reaching the Meeqat, but they should make the intention (Niyyah) and call out “Talbiyah” only upon reaching the Meeqat following the announcement. (Saudi Airlines announce about Meeqat). If travelling by other airline, Meeqat zone comes approximately one hour before arrival at Jeddah Airport.

Note: It is not permissible for pilgrims to pass through these Meeqat places for Umrah/Hajj without donning Ihram irrespective of their mode of transportation; Road, Air or Sea.

Ihram

How to Wear Ihram for Umrah? Ihram Clothing for Male and Female Pilgrims

Ihram means the intention to enter a ritual and it is derived from the word ‘At-Tahreem’ which means entering what is prohibited. Therefore, as you enter the Ihram for Umrah , certain things become prohibited which were permissible before like sexual advances towards your wife, wearing fragrance, shaving the head, cutting hair, game hunting etc.

Ihram Procedure: How to wear Ihram for Umrah?

A person should wash himself thoroughly which includes removing hair from the private parts, trimming moustache or cutting of nails, before assuming the state of Ihram. A complete bath or ghusl should be performed. If you’ve already taken the bath then perform ablutions. Now take off your stitched clothes and change into the two white sheets of the unstitched cloth. Wear one sheet around your waist and drape the other one on your upper body. You can also wear a belt around your waist to fasten the cloth.

Women can wear regular stitched clothes. Ihram for ladies / women pilgrims includes a plain regular dress but most women wear an Abaya with Hijab. A woman cannot wear a veil around her face whilst in Ihram.

Offer 2 raka’t nafl, if it is not makrooh (undesirable) time, with your head covered before declaring the intention for Umrah. It is better to wear Ihram from home or airport and then declare the intention after reaching Rabigh which is a Meeqat for pilgrims who arrive from the UK. However those who are travelling to Madinah first should consider Madinah as their Meeqat. Again, it is better to declare your intention for Umrah after reaching the Meeqat.

Note: It is recommended to consult and seek an opinion from scholars on doubtful Islamic matters.

Umrah For Women

Can Women Perform Umrah Alone? What are the Rules of Umrah for Women?

Women can undertake Umrah like men but there are some rules regarding their journey of Umrah. They cannot go for holy pilgrimage and perform Umrah without a Mahram. According to the Islamic rule, a mahram is a male relative tied to a woman through blood, breastfeeding or relations after marriage. A person needs to be above the age of puberty to accompany a woman to Umrah as a Mahram. Also, performing Umrah with a fake Mahram is sinful. Go through the list of rules for female/lady pilgrims if you are planning to go on Umrah. We have tried to make a simple Woman’s Guide to Umrah for a hassle-free pilgrimage.

Here are some of the Umrah rules for ladies that they have to observe in the state of Ihram:

  • A woman in Iddah cannot perform Umrah. She needs to complete the waiting period and then go for Umrah with a Mahram.
  • According to the Saudi rules, an elderly lady can perform Umrah alone. A woman above the age of 45 can perform Umrah without a mehram but she is required to submit N.O.C from her mahram and must travel with an organized group.
  • Women should not perform Ramal (running with medium pace during Tawaf and Saa’ee) and should not say Talbiyah loudly like men.
  • If there is a large crowd of men near Kaabah, women should maintain a safe distance.
  • Women can offer nafl prayers after Tawaf anywhere in Masjid-ul-Haram if there is a rush at Maqam-e-Ibrahim.

Note: It is recommended to consult and seek an opinion from scholars on doubtful Islamic matters.

Umrah In Ramadan

Blessings of Performing Umrah in the Month of Ramadan

Performing Umrah in Ramadan carries immense value and religious significance. Umrah is considered a lesser form of Hajj and whoever performs Umrah with pure intention earns the highest pleasure of Allah (SWT). It is truly an enriching experience to see people from all over the world joined together in fasting and performing Umrah for the sake of their Lord Almighty. Virtues of Umrah in Ramadan can be understood by the following Hadith:

Al-Bukhaari (1782) and Muslim (1256) narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said to a woman from among the Ansaar – Ibn ‘Abbaas mentioned her name but I forgot it – “What kept you from performing Hajj with us?” She said: We only have two camels and the father of her son and her son had gone for Hajj on one camel, and he left us the other camel so that we could carry water on it. He said: “When Ramadaan comes, go for ‘Umrah, for ‘Umrah in (that month) is equivalent to Hajj.”

In another Hadith, narrated by Ibn ‘Abbas (Radhiallāhu ‘anhu):

When the Prophet (Sallallāhu alayhi wa sallam) returned after performing his hajj, he asked Umm Sinan Al-Ansari, “What did forbid you to perform hajj?” She replied, “Father of so-and-so (i.e. her husband) had two camels and he performed hajj on one of them, and the second is used for the irrigation of our land.”
Prophet of Allah (Sallallāhu alayhi wa sallam) said (to her), “Perform umrah in the month of ramadan, (as it is equivalent to hajj or hajj with me (in reward).”[ Sahih Bukhari – Book 29, Hadith 86 ]

The given Hadith clearly highlights the importance and benefits of Umrah in Ramadhan. It is considered the best time to perform Umrah and whoever performs it during the holy month of Ramadan gets the reward equal to a Hajj. However, it should be noted that performing Umrah in Ramadan does not discharge a person from the obligations of Hajj. Both the terms become equivalent in rewards but not in fulfilling the duty. Umrah is not obligatory whereas Hajj is compulsory for every Muslim if the person is capable of performing it.

Millions of Muslims from every corner of the world gather in the Grand Mosque to achieve closeness to Allah by fasting and worshipping together. It is truly a breathtaking sight when a sea of people breaks their fast during Iftaar with a common objective which is to connect to Allah (SWT).

Umrah is a spiritual journey and pilgrims travel to Mecca to seek the mercy of Allah (SWT) with their heart filled with love and gratitude. It is an enlightening experience for every believer, one that they would remember for a lifetime and be always thankful. Umrah is a blessing throughout the year but it holds special significance in the sacred month of Ramadan, an experience that every Muslim should try to accomplish.

Dua's & Azkaar For Umrah

Basic Umrah Dua – A Guide to all the Supplications for Umrah

There are no special Dua or Supplications for Umrah, a person should recite any Dua he/she remembers and wishes. But one should try to perform the rituals of Hajj and Umrah as closely to how the Prophet (pbuh) performed. Here are some of most recommended and basic Umrah Duas and supplications that one should recite while on their journey for Hajj / Umrah:

 

Dua for entering Haram

 

 

 

Dua to recite at the first glance of Kaabah

 

 

Dua to recite when you approach Hajr-e-Aswad, the black stone:

 

 

Recite this Dua after facing the Black Stone

 

 

Before starting your Tawaf form your intention as follows:

 

 

Supplicate between Yemeni corner and Hajr-e-Aswad

 

 

Dua to recite at Maqam-e-Ibrahim after completing Tawaf:

 

 

Dua to recite while drinking Zamzam

 

 

Dua at Mount Safa and Mount Marwah: Before you start Saa’ee at Safa recite the following verse:

 

 

Form intention for Saa’ee at Safa-Marwa by reciting the following Dua:

 

 

Dua to recite when leaving Masjid-ul-Haram:

 

Mistakes in Performing Umrah

Below is the list of mistakes that you must avoid during Umrah:

Mistake 1: Changing the intention of Umrah

Making intention is an important part of Umrah. The reward of a deed depends on the intention. One must decide about the type of Umrah one wants to perform. You are allowed to change the intention about the type of Umrah you want to perform before assuming Ihram. If one wants to change his/her intention afterwards, he/she can change from Mufradah to Tamattu but not vice versa.

Mistake 2: Not changing the Ihram clothes

Changing the Ihram clothes will not disturb the state of Ihram. Some people wrongly think that if they change the white sheets of Ihram, it will renounce their Ihram. One is allowed to change the Ihram whenever one finds it necessary. The pilgrims come out of Ihram which they intended only after completing all the essential rites of Umrah and shaving or clipping of hair.

Mistake 3: Touching or wiping over the Kaabah or any part of Masjid-ul-Haram

One of the most common misconceptions and mistakes during Umrah is to think that touching or wiping over any part of Kaabah and Maqam-e-Ibrahim would bring Barakah and Khair. This has no basis in Hadith or Sunnah. The Prophet (pbuh) did not touch any part of Kaaba except the Black stone and Yemeni corner. Innovation in Islam is one of the things forbidden in Umrah rituals or generally in Islam and therefore, it must be avoided.

Mistake 4: Doing multiple Umrahs

Some people make the mistake of performing multiple Umrahs and go to Masjid Ta’neem or other Meeqat to assume Ihram again and again. It is not from Sunnah and one should avoid making this mistake. To gain greater rewards, one should try to perform as many Tawaf as possible instead of performing multiple Umrahs.

Mistake 5: Distance Kissing of Hajr-e-Aswad (The Black Stone)

Kissing the black stone is a beautiful Sunnah but most of the pilgrims are not able to reach Hajr-e-Aswad because of the crowd. That is why many people try to kiss it from the distance. While performing Tawaf, they stop in the middle to face the black stone and put their hands up to kiss the black stone in air.
One must understand that distance kissing is not from Sunnah. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) would kiss the black stone if he could easily do so or touch it with his hand and then kiss his hand. But, if it was too crowded, he would only point towards it with his hands and say “Allahu Akbar”.

Ibn Abbas said, “The Messenger of Allah (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) performed Tawaf on his camel, and every time he came to the corner (where the Black Stone is) he would point to it and say Allāhu Akbar.” [Al-Bukhari]

Mistake 6: To Think that Dua is accepted at the first glance of Kaabah

Most of the people wrongly think that the first time they witness the Kaabah, any dua they make will be answered. It is not true and has no evidence in Shariah. We could not find any genuine Hadith in this matter.

Mistake 7: Shouting Du’a in groups

While performing Tawaf, some pilgrims shout dua in unison. They follow a leader or an imam who speaks out different dua’s loudly and the people repeat after him in unison. This disturbs other pilgrims and creates a lot of confusion which is wrong.

Before going for Tawaf, the right thing to do is to make a list of Du’a that you want to make or the verses from Qur’an that you want to recite. This way you won’t have to follow anybody and you will be making Du’a from your own heart in your own language. Remember to make your dua with humility and Khushoo’.

The Prophet (pbuh) said, “Each one of you is conversing with his Lord, so do not disturb one another or raise your voices over one another when reading (or he said) when praying.” [Abu Dawood, Sahih by Al-Albani]

Mistake 8: Assigning specific Du’a for various rounds of Tawaf

Some pilgrims designate specific Du’as for each round of Tawaf and there are even published books with specific Du’as written for every round. One must understand that this has no basis in Sunnah. Neither the Prophet (pbuh) nor the Sahabas recited any specific Du’a in any of the rounds of Tawaf. The only supplication that the Prophet (pbuh) specified during Tawaf was upon reaching between the Yemeni Corner and Hajre Aswad when he would say,

“Rabbana atina’ fid-dunya hasana wa fil-akhirati hasana wa qina adhaban-nar”
[“Our Lord, give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter and save us from the punishment of the Fire.’’]

Mistake 9: Doing Tawaf on someone’s behalf

Most people commit this mistake. After completing their Tawaf they perform an extra round for a friend, relative or a deceased person. It is wrong and has no basis in Sunnah. Tawaf individually cannot be done on someone’s behalf. Only Hajj and Umrah can be performed on someone’s behalf. (Wallahu Aalam)

Mistake 10: To think that praying 40 Raka’t prayers in Madinah is compulsory

Most people think that praying 40 Raka’t Naf’l salah is compulsory in Masjid-e-Nabawi. Neither the Naf’l prayers at Masjid-e-Nabawi nor visiting Madinah is a part of Hajj or Umrah. It is good to spend maximum time in praying inside the Prophet’s Mosque in Madinah but it is not correct to think that praying 40 nafl is necessary. Having such a notion is one of the misconceptions and common mistakes to avoid during Umrah.

Common Mistakes Women Make during Umrah

One of the most common mistakes Women make during Umrah is to think that removing their Ihram cap will break their Ihram which is simply not true. They don’t even take off their cap to make Wudhu. You must think that if you do not make Wudhu correctly would your prayers be valid? Another prohibition (Haraam act) during Umrah that you must avoid is crowding with men and not observing Hijab properly.

Note: It is recommended to consult and seek an opinion from scholars on doubtful Islamic matters.

Useful Tips

Useful Tips for Your Umrah Trip

The Arabic word ‘Umrah’ literally means to visit a populous place. Islamically, Umrah is a lesser form of Hajj, an act of worship which millions of Muslims do by visiting Makkah and performing the Umrah rituals as performed by our Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Umrah is a non-obligatory form of worship which can be performed at any time all round the year except for the days of Hajj. Millions of Muslims visit Makkah to perform Umrah for the love of their creator, Allah (SWT) and to get spiritually connected to Him. It is essential to make this Umrah trip memorable so that it remains etched in our memories for a lifetime.

Here are a few quick and essential tips to make your Umrah journey outstanding and most memorable:

  • Before planning your Umrah trip, ensure to get the necessary knowledge about the reason why you are undertaking this journey. Get an in-depth understanding of Islam from its authentic sources, Quran and Hadith. Learn more about the various fardh and Sunnah rituals of Umrah that you need to perform during your Umrah pilgrimage.
  • Another must know Umrah tip is to make a list of all the Islamic sites that you are going to visit on your trip to Makkah and Madinah including Mount Uhud, Jannat-ul-Baqi, Masjid-e-Nabawi and Cave of Hira.
  • Plan and arrange all your responsibilities at home and ensure that the provision for family is made well in advance before departing on Umrah pilgrimage to Makkah so that you concentrate completely on Ibadah.
  • Another piece of advice before you leave for Umrah is to prepare your documents necessary for the Umrah travel. Make a copy of passport and other important documents, and email it to your personal I.D or store it on your Google drive or the like, in case something goes awry.
  • Ensure that you learn about all the rules of Ihram before going on Umrah. There are simple rules that people can violate unknowingly or without thinking. For example you can’t use scented soaps and men cannot cover their head in the state of Ihram.
  • Tips for Umrah travel also include talking to people from different countries and backgrounds. You will meet numerous Muslims from every corner of the world. Get enlightened about the message of brotherhood of our faith.
  • Make a list of duas that you want to ask Allah (SWT). Make dua for yourself, your family and friends. You are at the most sacred place on earth worshipping the Almighty and your duas are more likely to be accepted if you do it with good intention and pure heart, In Sha Allah!
  • One of the top tips to stay healthy during the Umrah pilgrimage is to eat fruits only after washing them including the dates. Avoid eating pre-cut fruits or salads which might have been exposed to unhygienic conditions.

Those were some of the most important tips & advice for going on Umrah. If you are planning to go to this spiritual tour, make sure that you remain prepared mentally and physically.

Useful Topics

How to Prepare for Umrah? What to Do Before Leaving for Umrah?

Umrah is a spiritual journey that can be taken at any time of the year and this flexibility allows people who have certain time and financial constraints to choose their Umrah schedule and go for the pilgrimage. It is a lesser form of Hajj but equally fulfilling and enlightening experience. The goal of this journey is simple – to gain rewards from Allah and receive forgiveness for all the sins committed in the past. A person needs to do a lot of preparations before leaving for Umrah and there are certain things to do before he/she undertakes this journey.

Here are some of the most important tips on preparing for Umrah so that your spiritual journey becomes memorable:

  • Recite the verses of Quran with translation and tafseer.
  • Try to understand the meaning of the Surahs and Duas that you recite in Salah.
  • Repent to Allah (SWT) sincerely by praying 2 raka’t nafl and make tawbah.
  • Before leaving for Umrah learn how to pray Salatul Janaza.
  • One of the most important things to do before leaving for Umrah is to ask your family and friends for forgiveness and forgive those who have wronged you.
  • Make a list of dua for yourself and your family and friends. You will be in the most sacred place on earth and your duas are more likely to be accepted if you make them with good intention and a pure heart.
  • Before leaving for Makkah, Umrah preparations also include learning about the history of Makkah and Madinah, and getting an in-depth understanding about the life of the Prophet (pbuh). It will not only enable you to appreciate the beauty of the place that you are about to enter but also make your Umrah even more special.

Suggested Packing List for Your Umrah Trip

Before leaving for Umrah, you must realize the fact that it is going to be a tedious journey and you are going to face hurdles if you do not carry the essential items that you may need there. People are often confused about how to prepare for this spiritual journey and what to pack for Umrah. It is a good idea to make a list of essential things to pack for Umrah, and prepare Umrah checklist and packing guide before embarking on your journey, so that your Umrah trip remains hassle-free and memorable.

Here is the complete packing list for Umrah travel that we have prepared for your ease. These are some of the most indispensable things that you must carry on your journey:

  • Before you leave your house for the airport, ensure you have your passport, visa, and other important documents.
  • Ihram is the most important thing for Umrah. For men, it is a two piece of plain white cloth. You must also pack a belt to hold your Ihram. Packing list for women includes Abayas and Hijab for Umrah as they are permitted to wear their ordinary clothes as Ihram.
  • Reading material such as a pocket Quran and dua’a books.
  • A Tasbeeh to do Dhikr or Ibadah.
  • A comprehensive Umrah guide book with the complete procedure of Umrah.
  • An easy to carry prayer mat as the weather in Makkah is hot and it is difficult to sit on floor while prayers.
  • An umbrella to resist the harsh sun.
  • Daily use items such as toothbrush, toothpaste, comb, unscented soaps, shampoo, towel and unscented cream or lotion.
  • Basic medicines such as Painkillers, Crocin, etc.
  • 2 to 3 pair of slippers as losing shoes is common in mosques.
  • A small waist bag that can be carried easily to carry money and important documents.
  • An Alarm clock.
  • Carry a phone without camera because smartphones with camera are not allowed in Haram.
  • Socks. You may buy it from there also.
  • A pair of scissors for cutting hair or a razor for shaving.
  • Nail-cutter.
  • A travel iron as you may not get the facility of pressing clothes available at every place you stay.
  • A pair of sunglasses for the harsh sunlight in Saudi Arabia.
  • You should always carry an empty bottle to fill it with water or Zamzam to keep yourself hydrated.
  • Make sure you pack all the required sleeping accessories such as sleeping bag, a sheet, inflatable pillow and everything should be easy to carry.

How to Make the Best of Your Umrah Pilgrimage?

    Tips for a Productive or Rewarding Umrah

Here is a list of good things to do during Umrah to increase/ maximize your rewards.

These are some of the hugely rewarded deeds for Umrah which you should do during your pilgrimage to Makkah and always expect the rewards from none but the Almighty Allah (SWT).

  • Say Salaam to strangers you meet on your way.
  • Smile is a kind of Sadqa. Always Smile at your fellow Muslims .
  • Read Qur’an with translation and Tafseer.
  • Recite the following authentic Dhikr of the morning and evening:

Bismillah illazi la yadurru ma’a ismihi shay’un fi’l-ard wa la fi’l-sama’ wa huwa al-samee’ ul-‘aleem

(In the name of Allah with Whose name nothing can harm on earth or in heaven, and He is the All-Hearing, All-Knowing)’

  • Always make dua during Sujood.
  • Offer refreshing drinks to people leaving the mosque.
  • Give attention to introverts in your group.
  • Purify your intention and actions for the sake of Allah.
  • Make dua for your family and friends.

“The supplication of a Muslim for his brother in his absence will certainly be answered. Every time he makes a supplication for good for his brother, the angel appointed for this particular task says: Ameen! May it be for you too” [Muslim]

  • Give charity to poor people who try hard to earn their provisions by doing things such as selling meager things at roadside.
  • Forgive those people who wronged you and ask for forgiveness from the people you have wronged intentionally or unintentionally.
  • Talk to people from different backgrounds and countries in order to know more about them and share Islamic knowledge.
  • Visit Madinah to see places like Mount Uhud, Mosque Quba, Masjid-e-Nabawi and Jannat-ul-Baqi. Do pray 2 raka’t nafl in Mosque Quba to earn rewards equivalent to Umrah.
  • Help people to find a place for sleeping and look for other opportunities to do good deeds.
  • Give sincere compliments to your fellows.
  • Remember and thank Allah for the blessings that He has bestowed upon you by saying Alhamdulillah.
  • Pray to Allah using his 99 most beautiful names.
  • Use a Miswak instead of a toothbrush. It is Sunnah to use miswak.
  • Fill your pockets with candies and give it to the children that you meet during your journey.
  • Always intend and expect reward from Allah for every good deed you do.
  • Donate a Qur’an to Haram and Masjid-e-Nabawi for people to read on your visit to Makkah and Madinah.
  • Donate wheelchairs or prayer stools to Masjid for elderly or disabled people who cannot pray while standing.

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